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Efficient Power Conversion in Common Active Clamp for Interleaved Dc-Dc Boost

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT) (Vol.3, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 415-421

Keywords : DC DC Boost.;

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This project presents a high-efficiency and high-step-up non isolated interleaved dc to dc converter with a common active-clamp circuit. In the presented converter, the coupled-inductor boost converters are interleaved. A boost converter is used to clamp the voltage stresses of all the switches in the interleaved converters, caused by the leakage inductances present in the practical coupled inductors, to a low voltage level. The leakage energies of the inter-leaved converters are collected in a clamp capacitor and recycled to the output by the clamp boost converter. The proposed converter achieves high efficiency because of the recycling of the leakage energies, reduction of the switch voltage stress, mitigation of the output diode is reverse recovery problem, and interleaving of the converters. In many applications, high-efficiency, high-voltage step-up dc?dc converters are required as an interface between the available low voltage sources and the output loads, which are operated at much higher voltages. Examples of such applications are as follows. Different distributed energy storage components such as batteries, fuel cells, and ultra capacitors are used in the power trains of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), electric vehicles (EV), and fuel cell vehicles (FCV). In the present power train architectures of these vehicles, the voltage levels of the energy storage elements are usually low; whereas the motors of the vehicles are driven at much higher voltages. The telecom and the computer industry utilize the standard batteries, with low voltage levels, as a back-up power source. The dc?dc converter, used in this case, is required to boost the low-input voltage of the batteries to the high voltage of the dc bus. Another example is the automotive headlamps, using the high-intensity discharge lamp ballasts..

Last modified: 2014-10-30 17:42:52