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Assessment of Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Poba Reserved Forest, Dhemaji District, Assam (INDIA)

Journal: Ambient Science (Vol.1, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 36-46

Keywords : Poba RF; Human-wildlife conflict; Crops; Livestock; Conservation;

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Human-wildlife conflicts from 1971-2013 in Poba Reserved Forest is presented here. Data collection included interview, records of forest department and participant observation. There is an increasing trend of human-wildlife conflict in Poba RF. Encroachment for agricultural expansion, frequent venturing into forests to collect minor forest products and livestock grazing are major causes of conflicts. Most cases of conflict occurred in forests and crop f ields suggesting encroachment and venturing into animal habitat exposed human to conflict with wildlife. Pearson's correlation at 0.01 level of signif icance showed positive correlation between wildlife injured/killed and livestock killed/injured (0.819411) and wildlife injured/killed and property damaged (0.658009) but negative correlation between wildlife injured/killed and crop damaged (-0.04104). Crop raiding by wildlife caused considerable damage to crops and property resulting in food insecurity and economic loss to farmers; farmers also suffered economic loss due to livestock lifting by prey animals. Long years of exposure to crop and property loss and risk to life are associated with negative attitude towards wildlife. The present report will be useful in understanding the nature of conflicts and help local forest department in initiating appropriate conservation measures in Poba RF.

Last modified: 2014-11-05 20:12:41