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Deep ensemble neural networks for recognizing isolated Arabic handwritten characters

Journal: ACCENTS Transactions on Image Processing and Computer Vision (TIPCV) (Vol.6, No. 21)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 68-79

Keywords : Handwriting character recognition; Arabic; OCR; Online recognition; Handwritten recognition.;

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In recent years, handwritten character recognition has become an active research field. In particular, digitalization has triggered the interest of researchers from various computing disciplines to address several handwriting related challenges. Despite these efforts, there are still opportunities for the development and improvement of the recognition of the handwritten Arabic letters. In this paper, we designed and developed a deep ensemble architecture in which ResNet-18 architecture is exploited to model and classify character images. Specifically, we adapted ResNet-18 by adding a dropout layer after all convolutional layer and integrated it in multiple ensemble models to automatically recognize isolated handwritten Arabic characters. A standard Arabic Handwritten Character Dataset (AHCD) was used in the experiments to train and assess all the proposed models. Satisfactory results were obtained using all models. The best-attained accuracy was 98.30% using a typical ResNet-18 model. Similarly, 98.00% and 98.03% accuracies were obtained using an ensemble model with one fully connected layer (1 FC) and an ensemble with two fully connected layers (2 FC) coupled with a dropout layer, respectively.

Last modified: 2020-12-14 17:41:35