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Compliance level in children with chronic pathology

Journal: The Journal of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, series "Medicine" (Vol.40, No. 40)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 90-98

Keywords : compliance; children; diabetes mellitus; juvenile idiopathic arthritis;

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Introduction. Current treatment technologies, a significant place is occupied by the issue of interaction between a doctor and a patient. The aim of this study was to determine the level of compliance in children with chronic pathology. Materials and methods. 87 children aged 6 to 17 years were examined, among whom 32 children had idiopathic juvenile arthritis (JIA), 30 children had type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and 25 apparently healthy children made up the control group. All children were interviewed using the Compliance Level Questionnaires for children with chronic pathology or healthy children. All statistical analyzes were performed using the s/n SPSS 17 4a 180844250981. Results. The study of compliance features in patients with IJA showed that the majority (84.4 %) of children had high compliance to treatment, which was much more common than in children with diabetes mellitus (р < 0,01) and control group (р < 0,02). Half of the children with DM1 also had a high level of general compliance. When assessing the structure of compliance in patients with diabetes, moderate levels of all components were found. Children of this group are characterized by an indefinite social position, they act according to the situation. Emotional instability is a typical manifestation. The study of the level of compliance in children of the control group revealed low indicators of general compliancy to the doctor's actions. Each component corresponded to the average level. It was in these children that low indicators of social and behavioral patterns were found, which indicates a negativity towards the treatment process and medical manipulations. Conclusions: 1. Patients with chronic pathology have a higher level of compliance than patients in the control group, which indicates a significant impact on the child's life of the presence of a chronic disease. 2. The level of compliance differs in various chronic diseases, may depend on the characteristics of subjective feelings and medical manipulations. 3. Female patients have a higher level of adherence to treatment, which dictates the need to take into account the gender of the child in the daily work of the doctor, and pay more attention to careful communication with boys.

Last modified: 2020-12-14 18:58:14