The Use of Small Grains for Food Security and Climate Compliant In Dry Regions of Zimbabwe: A ReviewJournal: Sumerianz Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary (Vol.3, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2020-10-17
Authors : Sakadzo N.; Kugedera A. T.;
Page : 143-149
Keywords : Climate change; Food security; Small grain; Climate compliant; Productivity.;
Climate change has brought issues of total crop failure in dry regions in Zimbabwe as evidenced by total crop failure in 2010, 2015 and 2017 in some parts of Chivi which is one of the driest area in Zimbabwe. The paper highlights the use of small grains for food security and climate compliant in dry regions of Zimbabwe. This brings in an idea of growing small grain by farmers as means of improving food production in dry areas such as Chivi, Mwenezi and Chiredzi districts. Cereal production growth in Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to decline by a net 3.2 percent in 2050 as a result of climate change. To mitigate this risk, there is need to improve productivity of small grains as climate compliant crops which can ameliorate poverty in Zimbabwe. Small grains are drought tolerant and perform better in dry regions than any other cereal crops. Sorghum and millet have the potential to contribute to food security to the world's poorest agro-ecological regions.
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