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Rapid assessment of toxicity of chlorinated aqueous solution by dissolved oxygen depletion and optical density bioassays

Journal: Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal (Vol.7, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 271-276

Keywords : Trihalomethanes; Chloroform; Disinfection; Wastewater; Biological assay; Oxygen; Inhibition;

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Abstract

Background: Chlorination of wastewater effluent with high levels of residual organic matter has been suspected to the production of toxic and hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) including trihalomethane (THM) compounds. Methods: In this study, two rapid techniques including dissolved oxygen depletion (DOD) and optical density (OD) bioassays were used to evaluate the chloroform toxicity of aqueous solution. The activated sludge was collected from aeration tank of a full-scale municipal wastewater treatment plant and used as a biological inoculum. In order to achieve an active and stabilized mixed culture of bacteria, the test cultures were transferred to a fresh nutrient broth culture media every day. The influence of chloroform on DOD and OD bioassays was examined at chloroform initial concentrations of 10-1000 μg/L. Results: It was revealed that the application of chloroform at concentrations of 100 and 1000 μg/L showed moderate and extreme toxicity, respectively, and reduced bacterial activity. The estimated chemical concentration with 50% inhibition of bacterial activity for DOD and OD bioassays was 457 and 961 μg/L, respectively. Conclusion: According to the results, the wastewater effluent should use bioassays in order to evaluate the effects of DBPs where the wastewater effluent is disinfected by chlorine compounds.

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Last modified: 2021-01-06 16:45:56