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Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 01)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 181-185

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Pain is a distressing symptom of cancer that affects the quality of life of patients, families, and caregivers. Moderate to severe pain is common throughout the disease trajectory of cancer, and its prevalence increases throughout the course of illness, it has been reported in 59% of patients undergoing anticancer treatment, in 64% of those with advanced/metastatic cancer, and in 33% of those having completed curative treatment. Adequate management of cancer pain is the cornerstone of symptom management for patients with cancer. [1] WHO guidelines on cancer pain continue to provide a framework approach for pharmacologic management of cancer pain management in terms of a Pain Ladder, wherein Step 1 for mild pain is prescribed NSAIDS, Step 2 for moderate pain is prescribed NSAIDS along with synthetic opioids and adjuvants and step 3 for severe pain is prescribed strong opioids like Morphine along with NSAIDS and adjuvants. Morphine being an excellent analgesic for severe pain is nowadays standard of care for terminal cancer patients with severe pain. However, its potency is a double edged sword and can give rise to side effects as well as much feared adverse effects. This study was undertaken to assess the undesirable effects on cancer patients being treated with Morphine. AIM To find the association of morphine and its adverse effects (by 4 point verbal rating scale) in cancer patient on long term morphine therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS It is a hospital based longitudinal observational study, conducted in palliative care center, SMS hospital, Jaipur, after obtaining due approval from ethics committee and research review board of the institution. DURATION OF STUDY: One year. TOTAL PATIENTS: 30 patients evaluated one month after initiation of opioid therapy. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria 1. Cancer patients visiting palliative care OPD for distressing, somatic symptom like pain requiring treatment with strong opioids (step 3 WHO ladder). 2. Patients of all ages and both sexes. 3. Patients willing to give informed consent 4. Patients who understand the four point symptom rating scale. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients with deranged liver and kidney functions. 2. Patient with predominantly neuropathic pain. 3. Patients with altered sensorium. 4. Patient not willing to give informed consent.

Last modified: 2021-02-13 19:11:19