World Trends in the Development of the Nuclear Energy Complex and their Impact on the Nuclear Industry of UkraineJournal: Herald of the Economic Sciences of Ukraine (Vol.39, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2020-12-20
Authors : Liashenko V. Osadcha N. Shevchenko V.;
Page : 20-35
Keywords : nuclear-industrial complex; industry; energy sector; energy security.;
The article analyzes development trends of the nuclear-industrial complex. Among the main problems of development of nuclear-industrial complex determined inadequate legal framework, lack of investment. the required amount of enriched uranium in nuclear fuel purchased by Ukraine only in the Russian Federation. The necessity of development sequence the stages of the innovation-oriented development of nuclear-industrial complex of Ukraine on the basis of strategic determinants. Directly the nuclear-industrial complex, which is the leading element of the nuclear energy complex of Ukraine can be considered a complex sector of the national economy that includes production of uranium, which forms the basis to meet the needs of nuclear power plants in natural uranium in the medium and long term; Zirconia production, which includes the establishment of the production of zirconium, which is the main structural material for the fabrication of nuclear fuel, given its unique physical properties of the weak interaction with neutron flux in the reactorcore; manufacture of ion-exchange materials and to ensure the full production of uranium of Ukraine; production of fuel assemblies and components as a key link in the creation of our own nuclear-fuel cycle; research, design and information support of scientific research. In Ukraine there is no specialized institution that would deal with the coordination of the research questions regarding the development of nuclear-industrial complex. The significance and weight of the atomic-industrial complex of Ukraine in the creation of the gross domestic product is not significant, but its role is important in ensuring economic security and achieving energy independence of the country. The state of the atomic-industrial complex in other countries of the world has been investigated. For the development of nuclear-industrial complex, it is advisable to use an innovative approach. This approach is represented as a set of three interconnected units, namely: methodical-information unit; diagnostic-estimated; estimating procedure. The necessity of increasing the volume of uranium mining, the level of its enrichment and at the same time solving environmental issues of waste disposal has been substantiated.
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