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Journal: Sociosfera (Vol.12, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 17-30

Keywords : science; epistemology; consciousness; idealism; intuitionism; neorealism; Platonism; perception; thinking.;

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The subject of this research is idealistic philosophy and its ability to serve as the ontological founda- tion of the scientific worldview. The foundations and features of idealistic philosophy are investigated. It also investigates (as alternatives to idealism) such philosophical systems as "intuitionism" (and related systems) and the Descartes-Lockean paradigm. Their inability to substantiate the ontology of the scientific (physical) picture of the world is shown. It is shown that idealism is not only a philosophy that allows the most complete and con- sistent substantiation of the ontological status of the scientific picture of the world, but it is also directly assumed by this picture of the world – in quantum mechanics, which is the foundation of modern physics. The scientific picture of the world naturally pushes us to embrace idealism. Indeed, from the point of view of the scientific theory of sensory perception, the "world around" we see is nothing but a "picture" created by our brain on the basis of nerve impulses coming from the sense organs. In this case, we have no reason to believe that something "beyond consciousness" exists at all. The human brain should be viewed only as something that exists "inside consciousness" – either as a sensory "image of the brain" or as an intelligible "idea of the brain". The brain exists “inside” consciousness (as part of its memory), but consciousness is functionally dependent on the brain. It is consciousness that is the "creator" of the brain, the body, and the entire objective world. We are led to this con- clusion not only by epistemology, but also by a philosophical analysis of the meaning of quantum mechanics

Last modified: 2021-03-22 16:53:30