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Assessment of Acacia ampliceps Maslin aerial parts for Phytochemical and antimicrobial activities


Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 110-121

Keywords : Acacia ampliceps Maslin; phytochemical; antibacterial activities.;

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Hundreds of natural compounds are produced by plants that are used in defense against countless diseases, managing insects, fungi and herbivores. Many phytochemicals with possible biological activity have been recognized. Though, as one plant contains extensively diverse phytochemicals, the use of one plant as a whole is uncertain. The current investigations were made to screen Acacia ampliceps Maslin for its phytochemical and antimicrobial potential. Results proved the detection of natural products as alkaloids, tannins, reducing sugars, saponins, flavonoids, terpenoids and anthraquinones. Furthermore, we examined the antibacterial activity of the four different solvent extract samples (ethyl acetate, ethanol, chloroform and methanol) against a panel of microorganisms (Bacillus subtilis, Xanthomonas, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Citrobacter). Disc-diffusion assay was used with concentrations of 1mg and 2mg/disc. The samples with ethanol extract showed the highest zone of inhibition against Xanthomonas (173%) to be the best one. The ethyl acetate extracted sample also showed max. Zone of inhibition against Xanthomonas (158%). No inhibition (0%) was found in chloroform extracted samples against all bacterial strains. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was most resistant but Xanthomonas specie was most susceptible. It was concluded that the extracts have the potential for isolation of phytochemical and antimicrobial compounds for the pharmaceutical industry. The above results exposed that Acacia ampliceps have tremendous antibacterial activity and can be used for disease treatment

Last modified: 2021-03-30 15:57:15