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Accounting for Capital Turnover

Journal: Oblik i finansi (Vol.1, No. 91)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 29-35

Keywords : capital; capital turnover; accounting; balance sheet (statement of financial results); classification of economic assets; liquidity of assets;

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Economic globalization, digitalization of management processes, introduction of new forms of business organization, implementation of the concept of sustainable development are factors that affect the process of capital turnover and determine the need to improve its accounting support. The purpose of the article is to search for options for improving the accounting for capital turnover at the enterprise in modern conditions of a dynamic market environment. The economic essence of capital was disclosed and the capital turnover was identified as an object of accounting. The capital turnover in the enterprise is carried out constantly and is expressed through the turnover of funds that must be reflected in the accounting system. The analysis of the presentation (classification) of assets in the reporting was carried out, and it was found that all assets of an economic entity are in economic circulation, although the order and circulation period of various assets is not the same. Therefore, the division of assets into non-circulating and circulating assets is incorrect, since it contradicts the real essence of economic phenomena. It was proposed to change the approach to the presentation of assets in the reporting and rename the sections "Non-circulating assets" and "Circulating assets" in the Balance Sheet (Statement of financial position) of Ukrainian enterprises to "Non-current assets" and "Current assets", respectively. It was proposed to place the balance sheet asset items in descending order of liquidity of assets. In particular, the first item will be "Money and their equivalents", and then other items depending on the liquidity of assets. Accounting for business transactions must be kept according to the stages of capital turnover. In order to accounting for the sale of goods, works and services, it is advisable to use one synthetic account, on the debit of which it shows the sold products at their cost price, and on the credit - at the selling prices.

Last modified: 2021-05-03 22:33:13