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Problems of Overcoming Poverty in the World and in Ukraine (on the Example of Volunteering and Voluntourism)

Journal: Quarterly Scientific Journal "Economic Herald of the Donbas" (Vol.62, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 140-147

Keywords : poverty; income; economic growth; ways to overcome poverty; political instability; public administration.;

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The article deals with the global problems of our time. One of them is poverty. The purpose of the article is to study the problem of poverty and determine the priority directions and forms of overcoming it in Ukraine based on the study of world experience. Poverty is a multifaceted socio-economic phenomenon inherent in any country in the world, regardless of the level of its economic development. The compulsory social insurance mechanism, which provides for high pensions, unemployment benefits, childcare and quality medical care (including volunteer), is widely used in the world to fight poverty. The problem of overcoming poverty requires further theoretical and methodological substantiation. It is important to take into account the peculiarities, interconnection and experience of economic, social and political solutions to the problem at the international and national levels. The study of the forms of overcoming poverty and the negative consequences of the impoverishment of the population and the influence of these processes on the development of the economy and social life requires special attention. In the course of the study, the essence of the category of poverty, its causes, concepts and indicators for the study of poverty, which are used in world practice, are considered. It is shown that the positive role of social integration in overcoming poverty is determined on the basis of identifying and analyzing the possibilities of introducing effective mechanisms of public administration in Ukraine to prevent the negative consequences of poverty on the basis of foreign experience. The level of poverty is considered and the ways of solving the problem of poverty in modern conditions are substantiated. Poverty indicators are assessed in the EU and Ukraine. The directions of poverty reduction, which Ukraine should achieve, are considered, namely: economic growth; updating the minimum wage and minimum wage, pensions to realistic values; GDP growth and an increase in the human development index; reduction of inflation, taxes, unemployment. It is shown that with the introduction of a visa-free regime, citizens of Ukraine have the opportunity to work in European countries. This increases the income of Ukrainian families and reduces the level of poverty in the country. Another area of overcoming poverty is non-traditional forms of employment, including online work, the performers of which, as a rule, spend less time on assigned tasks and earn more than the minimum income. It is shown that world experience demonstrates the possibility of overcoming poverty in society as a whole and its strata through the development of volunteering and voluntourism.

Last modified: 2021-05-05 21:25:17