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Journal: International scientific journal "Internauka." Series: "Economic Sciences" (Vol.2, No. 45)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 57-69

Keywords : globalization; middle class; socio-economic development; social structure of society; social asymmetries; world economic crisis; class stratification;

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World practice has shown that countries that have reached a high level of socio-economic development have a strong middle class, which is the main productive force of society, the main consumer of goods and services, a component of investment and innovation potential of the country. Using general scientific research methods, a multi-criteria approach and the Global Index of the Middle Class, the author carried out a country-by-country comparative analysis of social and property status, parameters of the quality of life of the middle class. Based on statistical data and geometric graphics built model class structure of society. The paper identifies the main determinants and functions of the middle class, which is a stabilizer of society and a catalyst for its evolutionary development. The middle class is a large social group that performs such important tasks. The economic functions of the middle class include ensuring sustainable economic progress; filling the state budget; implementation of the country's investment policy. As for social functions, the middle class acts as a stabilizer, a buffer between the upper and lower strata of society. It is characterized by high social stability, social inclusion and a high level and quality of life. In political life, the middle class acts as a stabilizer, the bearer of democratic freedoms, liberal political values. He is aware of their civil rights, is able to protect them, is the driving force of reform. In the educational, cultural and technological spheres, the middle class performs the following tasks: disseminates knowledge and information, leads a healthy lifestyle, rationally organizes its working life and leisure, provides sustainable technological progress and high productivity, is able to adapt and change profession, carrier of basic components national culture. The social function of the middle class is realized through civic activity. The middle class exercises public control over the government and representatives of big business, promotes the development of the welfare state and social partnership. In the socio-economic policy of the state it is important to strengthen the priority of the development of the middle class.

Last modified: 2021-05-19 18:38:26