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Impact of risk factors in developing bronchial asthma combined with gastroesophageal reflux disease in children

Journal: Medicni perspektivi (Vol.25, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 121-127

Keywords : children; asthma; gastroesophageal reflux disease; risk factors;

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The purpose of the study was to determine the risk factors affecting the development of asthma combined with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Seventy children aged 5-17 years with asthma were examined. They were divided to two groups: group 1 (50 children with asthma and GERD), and group 2 (20 children with isolated asthma). Medical history data were collected through specially designed questionnaire for parents. It was determined that the perinatal risk factors that likely contributed to developing co-morbid asthma and GERD were a threatened miscarriage (OR=6.65; 95% CI, 1.7-25.6, p=0.003), acute respiratory illnesses during pregnancy (OR=6.52; 95% CI, 1.4-31.2, p=0.008), polyhydramnios (p=0.039) and uterine inertia (p=0.0003). Food hypersensitivity in the first year of life, the severity of asthma in examined children played role in increasing the risk of developing asthma combined with GERD (OR=4.83; 95% CI, 1.3-18.6, p=0.013 and OR=4.45; 95% CI, 1.2-17.1, р=0.019 respectively).

Last modified: 2021-05-27 02:22:03