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Journal: Agricultural Machines (Vol.46, No. -)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 103-110

Keywords : lake; sapropel; fertilizers; production of fertilizers; fertilizer production technology;

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Today, the use of organic fertilizers or fertilizer, which includes organic components, to increase crop yields is very widespread. The use of organic fertilizer such as sapropel can also improve the structure and properties of the soil. Large deposits of lake sapropel, which can be used for the production of granular organic fertilizers, are situated in Volyn region. New technologies and machines must be developed for efficient sapropel extraction. The analysis of technological processes and machines for the organic sapropel fertilizer production is presented in the article. Based on the analyzed material, improved technological processes and machines and technology for the production of granular sapropel fertilizers are proposed. The proposed technology explains for us a clear idea of the complex of all processes of fertilizer production (from raw material production to packaging of the finished product). All processes, machines and equipment were selected taking into account the quality of the fertilizers. The peculiarity of the proposed technology is to combine different production processes into one with the creation of new machines taking into account the requirements for the product. New technology allows us to intensify the process, save a time and use energy efficiently. During the study, process modernization measures such as the extraction of organic sapropel deposits, sapropel transportation and sapropel placement in a geotube, sapropel mixing with minerals, sapropel grinding, sapropel final dehydration, sapropel granulation, granular sapropel separation and packaging were recommended. To implement these technological processes, the design of machines and equipment were proposed.

Last modified: 2021-06-07 20:11:04