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Journal: Pakistan Journal of Rehabilitation (Vol.2, No. 2)

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Ergonomics deals with work performance, emphasizing on worker safety and productivity. It deals with the scientific study of human capabilities and limitations in relation to work demands. Ergonomics is a crucial issue nowadays because with the advancement in technology, all tasks in most organizations, especially universities, are completed in a sedentary position and on the computer. If daily tasks are not carried out properly without considering posture and duration, there will be slow development of injuries. A person starts making adjustment to body instead of work environment, which further predisposes to injuries. When ergonomically-designed workstations are not utilized, it leads to Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI) and Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). Applying ergonomics at any organization helps to make the workplace comfortable and efficient for the worker, hence, it is important to introduce ergonomic workstations at universities. Usually, most individuals are not concerned about the posture in which they sit and work. Either, they are unaware about good posture habits or may not consider it a health-risk. When pain is initially felt, it is ignored until severe symptoms begin to surface. Prolonged periods of work with the head or trunk bent puts stress on them; hence, complaints arise over the time spend. Working with unsupported raised arm predisposes to shoulder strain. Furthermore, factors that contribute to ergonomic injuries are: sitting in awkward postures by tilting head down or forward, leaning forward, keeping wrist or elbow on hard surface. Chair height does not correspond with their popliteal height - either it is low or high. Also, not using a document holder when working with computers or working continuously without intervals - all these behaviors play a role in developing or accelerating the problems.

Last modified: 2021-06-23 15:36:44