National Policy on Urban Mobility as an Instrument for Urban Planning and Sustainability in BrazilJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2021-03-05
Authors : Jose Wilson Pereira de Lima Junior;
Page : 1759-1766
Keywords : Public Management; Public policy. Urban Engineering;
Urban mobility conditions in Brazilian municipalities are precarious due to the lack or lack of planning for public transport services and an urban mobility policy. This reality can be changed with the strengthening and application of the National Urban Mobility Policy. Law No. 12,587 / 2012 was born with the purpose of determining the guidelines of the National Urban Mobility Policy, aiming at the integration between the different modes of transport and the improvement of accessibility and mobility of people and cargo in Brazilian cities. Initially, the importance of the National Urban Mobility Policy for Brazilian cities was investigated. In this scenario, the responsibilities of federative entities in defining urban development policies were characterized, with the purpose of ordering the social functions of cities, based on the master plan. In this way, concepts of urban sustainability, planning and management of urban mobility systems and sustainable urban mobility are presented. For this purpose, a survey of the legislation related to the theme and a bibliographic survey on the directions of Urban Mobility and the main policies applied in Brazil on the subject were used to collect the information. Finally, it is concluded that the participation of the population, business, professional, academic and research entities and public agents in the decision-making taken by the government for the construction and development of sustainable cities is extremely important.
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