Artificial Intelligence: Introduction and Scope in Healthcare SectorJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2020-04-05
Authors : Abhish Jadhav; Sahebrao Boraste;
Page : 275-279
Keywords : Artificial intelligence; Robotic network; Alzheimer's disease;
Artificial intelligence (AI) increasingly complex algorithms currently influence not only our lives but also our civilization than all other. The areas of AI application are diverse and the possibilities are Extensive than other: in particular, because of improvements in computer hardware, most of the AI algorithms already surpass the capacities of human experts today. As AI capacity improves, its field of application will grow further and further. In concrete terms, it is likely that the relevant algorithms will start optimizing themselves to an ever greater level might be even reaching superhuman levels of intelligence. This kind of progress is likely to present us with historically unprecedented ethical challenges. The increasing application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health and medicine has attracted a great deal of research interest in recent years. This study aims to provide a global and historical picture of research concerning AI in field of health and medicine. A total of 27, 451 papers that were published between 1977 and 2018 (84.6% were dated 2008-2018) were retrieved from the Web of Science platform. The descriptive analysis of data examined the publication volume, and authors and countries collaboration. A global network of authors' keywords and content analysis of related scientific literature highlighted use of major techniques, including Robotic network, Artificial intelligence, Natural language process, and their most frequent applications in Clinical Prediction and Treatment of patients. The number of cancer-related publications was the highest in number, followed by Heart Diseases and Stroke, Vision impairment, Alzheimer's, and Depression. Moreover, the shortage in the research of AI application to some high burden diseases suggests future directions in AI in core research. This study offers a first and comprehensive picture of the global efforts directed towards this increasingly important and benefits.
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