The Level of Oral Hygiene of Down Syndrome Patients in POTADS FoundationJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2020-05-05
Authors : Rai Amalia; Iwan Ahmad Musnamirwan; Williyanti Soewondo;
Page : 21-24
Keywords : Oral hygiene; Down syndrome; trisomy; chromosome;
The level of oral hygiene is based on the oral cavity condition that is free from plaque and calculus accumulation measured by the oral hygiene index. Down Syndrome is a congenital disorder caused by trisomy in the 21st chromosome causing physical, motoric, and intellectual limitations with a large medical and social impact. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of oral hygiene in patients with Down Syndrome at the POTADS Foundation Bandung in 2018. This was an observational descriptive study on 30 children with Down Syndrome as subject, obtained by consecutive admissions technique. The degree of oral hygiene was based on the presence of plaque and calculus on the tooth surface measured by plaque and calculus index through clinical examination using disclosing solution. The result of the study showed the level of oral hygiene in patients with Down Syndrome in POTADS Foundation were: good OHI-S index in 18 of 30 children, moderate OHI-S index in 12 children, and none had bad OHI-S index. The level of oral hygiene of Down Syndrome children at POTADS Foundation were in good category.
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