Obesity and DiabetesJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2020-06-05
Authors : Anjali Devi C;
Page : 1214-1216
Keywords : Body Mass Index; Obesity; Diabetes; fasting glucose;
Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in India is 11.8 percent with men and women equally effected. Among the several causes of diabetes, obesity is projected as the major cause of diabetes. This study is undertaken to see the impact of obesity on diabetes. A diabetic screening camp was organized to screen those with diabetes and record corresponding BMI. Information regarding age, education, occupation, type family, type of diet, was collected from 413 people. Height and weight was recorded and BMI was calculated. Hindus are 86.9 and Muslims constituted 13.1 percent Majority (66.6 percent) are nuclear families, 85.7 percent are non-vegetarians. Age of patients ranged between 20-80 years. Males and females are educated; those with degree level education are 91.9 percent in males and 85.8 percent in females. Employed are 82.6 percent and 12.9 percent males and females respectively. Others are retired officers, or unemployed or doing petty business. Diabetic screening indicated that 56-60 and 71-75 age groups are non-diabetic and BMI is within the normal range. In the age groups of 36-40, 51-55, and 61.65 corresponding BMI is 28.8, 29.3, and 26.9 respectively among males. Among females hundred percent diabetics are in the age groups of 21-25yr, 31-35yr, 41-45, 51-55, 56-60, 61-65, corresponding BMI indicated that all these groups have BMI above normal ranging 26.9 to 33.6 among males and 25.4 to 39.4 in females. There is need to conduct education programs.
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