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Prophets Lifestyle, Criterion of Reflected Islamic Mysticism in Persian Sufical Texts

Journal: Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (Vol.3, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 169-177

Keywords : Prophet; Sufism history; Sufism; mysticism; criticism of sufism;

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Islamic Sufism has been formed on what axis and has regulated itself on what indexes and criteria in the way of its movement and how does it reform its faults? Examinations have shown that the offspring of mysticism and Islamic Sufism is exclusively Quran and prophets’ character; but it has been affected on its way by conventions and viewpoints of other nations and some people ? although with diverse viewpoints- tried to introduce the path of mysticism and Islamic Sufism conversely, probably they were under the influence of their religious or political impressions and outlooks and according to their kind of attitude, they intended to infer Sufism and Islamic mysticism in conflict with Islamic religion by showing a non- Islamic origin for it; or to introduce it in such a way that they indicate traditional mystical conduct of Persian literature needless of acting to Islamic religion rules. While, many of documents are expressive of this fact that Islamic mysticism has been arisen directly from Quran, prophets’ life, the conduct method of saints, their followers and ascetics of primary Islam; but gradually the standpoints of followers of other doctrines and the conventions of social nations and different countries and, in particular carnal wishes of ascetics and hypocrite Sufis affected it and caused gradual depravities in it. Therefore, great sheikhs of Sufism tried to reform the path of theoretical and practical mysticism based on its main criterion which is Quran and prophets’ life by authoring several books and guiding mentors and to restore it to its original way in order to help mysticism and Islamic Sufism to continue its way in its main highway.

Last modified: 2014-12-17 15:49:14