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Work of Migrant Youth in Informal Sector: A Case of Three Markets Khartoum State

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 8)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 1401-1406

Keywords : migrant; youth; informal activities; vulnerability; poverty; low skill; face isolation; exclusion; discrimination; insecurity;

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This study was conducted to investigate the situation of rural youth migrants to Khartoum state in the informal sector. The study is explanatory and descriptive in nature which provides numerical description of some part of the population and explains events using comprehensive questionnaire directed to migrant youth work in three local markets Khartoum States. The study utilized quantitative and qualitative approaches and followed cross-section design. The study area comprises three local markets in Khartoum state, Omdurman market located in Omdurman, Saad geshra market located in Khartoum north (Bahri) and Souq EL. shabiee Khartoum located in Khartoum. A sample of 300 male youth migrants were selected based on three informal activities as follows: mobilize workers business owner and shops boys. It was difficult to develop sample frame for this study. We used non random sampling; (Purposive and snow ball techniques. The study findings indicated that majority of migrant youth were less than 19 years old, 48 % of youth before migration were without work while 27.3 % were dropped out from education and 22.7 % worked as farmers 88 % of the male youth migrated searching for a job for a better life. Their socio-economic situation characterized by vulnerability, poverty and low skill to get the job outside of the informal sector. Migrant youth were self-employed because they did not have the possibility of joining the formal sector. The self-employed identified by the study was three activities mobile workers, shop boys and small business owner. Results also indicated that youth in informal sector challenged by the lack of protection, low income and no access to capital to improve their self-employed work. In conclusion, young migrants are more vulnerable when, in combination with their age and stage of life, they face isolation, exclusion, discrimination, and insecurity.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:10:27