Level of Transport and Communication Development in MizoramJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 9)
Publication Date: 2020-09-05
Authors : C. Hmingsangzuala; P. Rinawma;
Page : 924-928
Keywords : Development; Inequality; Transport; Communication;
Transport and communication is the lifelines of the nation and its economic development. An effective system of these two aspects is the fundamental component to facilitating sustainable social and economic development. Unequal distribution of transport and communication facilities adversely affects disproportion of development between and among the society, region and even the state. The present study attempt to find out the level of transport and communication development using selected variable indicators in the eight districts of Mizoram. Available data collected from secondary sources of Statistical Abstract of Mizoram, 2017 and analyzed with the help of Standardized techniques from Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The development of transport and communication can be categorize into five levels such as very high, high, medium, low and very low. There is a high degree of disparity in terms of transport and communication development. The final outcome shows that Aizawl district score a value of 41.52 with highest rank amongst the districts which falls under very high level of development. Two districts of Lunglei (2.13) and Champhai (0.25) categorize under high level of development. Kolasib (-5.18) and Mamit (-6.42) districts falls in medium level of development and followed by Serchhip district with a score value of -8.87. Lawngtlai and Saiha districts score a low value of -10.70 and -12.72. It reveals that the locational advantages and administrative functioning in the core or central part score the high value whereas the periphery and marginal areas scores the low value. Therefore, initiative measures should be taken in remote, rural and marginal areas of the state to reduce inequalities in respect of transportation and communication development.
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