Rates of Comorbidities Associated with Cardiometabolic Disease among Patients Seen in the Outpatient Department at Kibagabaga Hospital in RwandaJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 9)
Publication Date: 2020-09-05
Authors : Kayiranga Pascal; Okova Rosemary; Mochama Monica;
Page : 1515-1518
Keywords : Comorbidity; Diabetes; Cardiometabolic Disease; Republic of Rwanda;
Cardiometabolic disease (CMD) comorbidities are the most common cause of death among patients suffering from cardiometabolic diseases. There are no known studies on cardiometabolic disease comorbidities, and their rates remain unknown in Rwanda. This study determined the rate of cardiometabolic disease comorbidities among patients seen in the Outpatient Department at Kibagabaga Hospital in Kigali City, Rwanda. The study used a descriptive, cross sectional design and a coded questionnaire was used to collect data. A convenience sampling technique was used for patients attending Outpatient Department. Data was generated using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program version 21, and the findings presented in the form of frequencies and percentages. Among 384 patients who responded, comorbidity rates were high for those with a cardiometabolic disease, reaching a percentage of 42 %. Based on results of this study, it is recommended to the Ministry of Health that steps be taken to reinforce preventative measures against CMD and their comorbidities in hospital and community. Additionally, it is recommended that Kibagabaga Hospital increase their Non-Communicable Disease services in an effort to prevent eventual comorbidities. Other researchers are encouraged to complete this study by running a longitudinal study on cardiometabolic diseases and their risk factors.
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