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Effect of Warm Compression on labor Pains during Active Phase of 1st Stage of Labor in Primigravida Admitted in Labor Room Queen Mary Hospital Lucknow

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 729-732

Keywords : Warm compression; Labor pain; Effect; Active phase; First stage of labor;

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Background: Labor pain is one of the very intense pains and maternal fear of pain is one of the main reasons for an elective cesarean section. Thus, controlling labor pain is a one of their major concern of maternity care. Nowadays, interest in non-pharmacological pain relief methods has been increased because of their fewer side effects.4 The main purpose and advantages of warm compress are to alleviate pain, chills, and joint stiffness, muscle spasm, and increases connective tissue elasticity. It helps to improve the cervical dilatation and reduces pain during labor. Method: A quasi experimental with time-series research design (post- test only control group design), study was carried out in Queen Mary's Hospital Lucknow. The study was conducted on 64 primi mother who were randomly divided into two groups (32 in each experimental group and control group) and samples were selected through purposive sampling technique. The study was explained to participants and consent was taken. The data was collected by numerical pain rating scale to assess the pain. Warm compress was administered for 15 minute at half an hour's interval till the dilatation is 9 cm for experimental group. After each intervention assessment of pain was done for both groups at five times. Following the data are analyzed with SPSS statistical software. Results: The result showed that there was a significant difference in pain scores between both groups after each intervention. Pain score in experimental group was (0.198) after 15 min, (0.165) after 45 min, (0.459) after 90 min, (0.167) after 135 min, (0.524) after 180 min, (0.524) after 225 min. Pain intensity was lower in the experimental group compared with the control group. Conclusion: The study concluded that warm compress was cheap and easy to use by everyone. It can also be used in the home care setting by the mother's attendant and it shows the effective outcome of pain reduction. Based on the finding it is advisable for the staff nurse and the student to use this method in the practice areas to reduce the pain of the mother during childbirth.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:13:38