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Urinary Tract Infection: The Prevalence of Microorganisms in Paediatric Age Group and Antibiotics Susceptibility

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1637-1641

Keywords : Urinary tract infection; microorganism; antibiotic; Escherichia Coli;

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Background: Urinary tract infections are highly prevalent and cause significant morbidity and they are one of the most common causes for antibiotic use worldwide. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the bacterial microorganisms causing UTI in paediatric age group and their susceptibility to antibiotics. Materials and Methods: Data was collected from 137 patients with positive urine culture from January 2017 to December 2018. Both inpatients and outpatients, aged 0-12 years from Al-Numan Teaching Hospital were included in the study, urine was collected by mid stream clean catch and urine bag. Results: The prevalence of UTI was nearly equal in the first year of life to be followed by female predominance in later age groups. In the females the most common microorganism was Escherichia coli (70 %) followed by Proteus (9.67 %) then Klebsiella (6.45 %). In males, Escherichia coli was also the most common (44.4 %) followed by Klebsiella (16.6 %) then Staphylococcus Saprophytics (11.1 %). Regarding susceptibility to antibiotics Imepenem was the most effective antibiotic followed by Nitrofurantoin, Amikacin and Gentamycin. Conclusion: Like other studies UTI is nearly equal in both sexes in neonatal age group and infancy then to be more in girls in childhood. E. coli is the most common microorganism in both sexes. Regarding the antibiotics susceptibility Imepenem was the most effective one followed by Nitrofurantoin then Amikacin and Gentamycin.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:13:38