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Evaluation of Cases of Genital Malignancies in Female at Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.8, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 1098-1100

Keywords : Gynaecological cancer; ovarian malignancy; cancer cervix;

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Background: Gynecological cancers are the most common cancers in women and hence an important public health issue. Over 70 % of patient report for diagnostic and treatment services at an advanced stage of disease, resulting in poor survival and high mortality rates. Objective: To evaluate the epidemiological characteristic of 500 cases of genital malignancies and to determine the cause and risk factor and also the treatment modalities and their outcome. Methods: The study includes all malignancies of genital tract diagnosed in Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi during the period June 2016 to October 2017. Results: A total number of 46, 963 patients attended to the institute, out of which 500 patients were diagnosed with genital carcinoma. Our study showed that 78.2 % of cases were diagnosed as carcinoma cervix, 16 % were ovarian cancer and 5 % were endometrial cancer. Conclusion: Cancer cervix is the commonest type of gynecological malignancies followed ovarian cancer. Efforts towards prevention of these cancers should be directed primarily to health education and screening for premalignant lesions of the female genital tract especially cervical cancer.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:24:41