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Isolation and characterization of Staphylococcus aureus from raw cow milk in Bangladesh

Journal: Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research (Vol.2, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 49-55

Keywords : Staphylococcus aureus; Methicillin resistance; nuc gene; mecA gene;

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Abstract

The study was intended for identification and characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw cow milk. A total of 47 milk samples were collected from Sheshmore, Shutiakhali and Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm, Mymensingh. Using bacteriological, biochemical and PCR-based identification schemes, 12 (25.53%) isolates were confirmed as S. aureus. All the isolates showed β-hemolysis on 5% sheep blood agar. S. aureus specific nuc gene (target size 279-bp) was amplified in the cases of all isolates. The isolates were found as resistant to Penicillin (100%), Erythromycin (75%) and Amoxicillin (100%). On the other hand, the isolates were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin (83.33%), Oxacillin (100%), Cloxacillin (100%) and Neomycin (100%). The isolated S. aureus showed increased resistance to broad spectrum antibiotic (e.g., Ciprofloxacin). As many people have a tendency to drink raw milk and raw milk products, there is high risk of S. aureus infection in human.

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Last modified: 2014-12-22 21:08:15