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Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Case Series and Review of Literature

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.7, No. 8)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 283-291

Keywords : Coronary artery dissection Spontaneous coronary artery dissection ST elevation myocardial infarction;

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Objective Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a less recognized cause of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in clinical practice. The aim of this communication is to describe a case series in South Asian population and highlight on the long-term clinical outcomes on conservative management. Methods A retrospective analysis of data of eight patients (9 instances) of SCAD managed in a tertiary care center during January 2015 to June 2018 was done. Clinical, angiographic, therapeutic, and follow-up data till end of april 2018 are analyzed. Results All patients were young (mean 33 years) and predominantly male. Etiology of SCAD was diverse and included peripartum state, vigorous activity and atherosclerosis. Left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was predominantly involved and the majority had angiographic type 1 SCAD. Medical treatment provides excellent long-term benefits. Coronary stenting provided symptomatic benefit in a patient with favorable anatomy. Conclusions Clinical recognition of SCAD is difficult. It should be suspected in peripartum state, young females and in presence of other precipitating factors. Coronary angiography is essential for establishing the diagnosis. Medical treatment provides favorable long-term survival. Implications and practice The awareness of SCAD is important for all clinicians involved in STEMI care. A prompt suspicion can avoid administration of thrombolytic therapy. Early coronary angiography will provide an accurate diagnosis and help in deciding appropriate therapy. Percutaneous intervention can be challenging.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 19:31:15