Prevalence of Gingival Recessions in the Aesthetic Zone of Maxilla in Bulgarian PopulationJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.7, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2018-08-05
Authors : Irena Georgieva;
Page : 631-636
Keywords : aesthetic zone; frontal teeth; gingival recession; maxilla; prevalence;
Gingival recession is a mucogingival defect and has a decisive meaning for aesthetic risk assessment in periodontal, implant and prosthetic therapy, especially in the aesthetic zone of the maxilla. The marginal gingival tissues position and outline are very important for the aesthetic smile. Gingival recession is determined as the distance of apical proliferation of gingival margin from the CEJ. It can be localized on the vestibular, palatal or aproximal tooth surface. There are variations in prevalence of buccal gingival recessions in maxillary frontal segment between males and females and between different age groups. 221 participants (80 males and 141 females) are assessed for gingival recessions on the vestibular site of their maxillar frontal teeth, using the Miller's classification (1985). The descriptive statistical analysis is done by IBM SPSS Statistic version 19 softw?re. ?he frequency and severity of gingival recession increase with age. There is higher frequency of gingival recessions in males compared to females. Miller's class III gingival recession was more commonly seen. The severity of gingival recessions in right maxillary frontal teeth is higher compared to the left maxillary anterior teeth. According to the prevalence of buccal gingival recessions in the maxillary frontal segment, the preoperative planning for mucogingival surgery in this aesthetic area, will more predictable in females and younger individuals.
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