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IRON Metabolism and its Importance in Child Development - Review

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.7, No. 9)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 1628-1632

Keywords : Iron; anemia; children; ferritin;

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Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. Globally, anaemia affects 1.62 billion people. Symptoms of anemia are related to its severity and speed of installation. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a microcytic, hypochromic and hypoprolipherative condition. The physiological balance of iron in the body depends on getting through diet and loss. A balanced diet should contain enough iron for the body's requirements. Iron deficiency (ID) is a systematic condition that harms physical stability, work capacity, psychomotor development of children and decreases their immunity. Morbidity against infectious diseases is increased in populations that suffer from iron deficiency. Depletion of iron stores into the brain may damage the activity of iron-dependent enzymes that are required for the synthesis, function and degradation of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin and noradrenaline, causing changes in behavior and reduction in test results of cognitive test in children.

Last modified: 2021-06-28 19:56:54