Spectrum of Cervical Lesion - One Year Retrospective Study in Tertiary Care CenterJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.7, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2018-10-05
Authors : Shashikala Kosam; Pratima Kujur; Veenapani Mire;
Page : 9-11
Keywords : cervical biopsy; nonspecific cervicitis; squamous cell carcinoma;
Background - Carcinoma of cervix is the most common cancer in Indian women and account for 20 % of all malignant tumours in female. Methods It was a retrospective study of 1 year duration conducted in the department of pathology.1000 specimens of uterus with cervix were included in the study. Result During the period of present study total 1000 specimen received from the gynaecology department were processed and reported by Department of Pathology. Out of 1000 cases, 149 (14.9 %) cases were reported as non neoplastic lesions and 851 (85.1 %) cases were reported as neoplastic lesion. Out of 149 cases 117 cases (78.52 %) were cervicitis, 08 (5.3 %) cases were endocervical polyp, and 24 cases (16.10 %) were nabothian cyst. The most common malignancy was squamous cell carcinoma comprised of 69.4 % followed by adenocarcinoma 1.41 % and 0.23 % adenosquamous carcinoma. Conclusion Our study highlights the wide spectrum of histopathological subtypes of carcinoma of cervix in small study population. Nonspecific cervicitis is the most common nonneoplastic cervical lesion while squamous cell carcinoma is the most common neoplastic cervical lesion. Adequate cervical screening with follow up histological biopsies is a relevant tool in diagnosing them to enhance early detection of premalignant and malignant cervical lesions.
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