Etiology of Pediatric Oromaxillofacial Trauma in Emergency Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in 3 years 2015-2017Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.7, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2018-10-05
Authors : Endang Sjamsudin; Agus Dwi Sastrawan;
Page : 539-541
Keywords : Oromaxillofacial Trauma; Pediatric; Etiology;
Background Oromaxillofacial trauma that occurs in children could affect in hard and soft tissue, has a high incidence but never been recorded properly. The purpose of this study is to knowing the etiology of oromaxillofasial trauma in pediatric in Emergency Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in year 2015-2017. Materials and Methods This was a descriptive study with pediatric traumatized subjects in Emergency Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in 3 years 2015-2017. Sampling was done using status data and patient reports are recorded and grouped according to characteristic variables. Result The incidence of oromaxillofacial trauma in pediatric within 3 years was 228 cases, with prevalence of males (59 %) was greater than women (41 %) with mostly in group age 13-17 years (47, 8 %). Traffic accidents was the major cause (57, 9 %), followed with fallen while playing (42.1 %) and due to fights (3.9 %). Discussion Epidemiological studies of oromaxillofacial trauma in pediatric can provide information about how children get the trauma, the age group that was often exposed to trauma which needs to be studied further and to enhance the oral and maxillofacial surgeons knowledge so they can predict the prevention and the treatment. Conclusion The incidence of oromaxillofacial trauma in pediatric are higher in males and occured in adolescent group. The major cause was traffic accidents.
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