The Contribution of Scope Management on Project Performance, A Case Study of RSSP Project Gasabo DistrictJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.7, No. 10)
Publication Date: 2018-10-05
Authors : Makumi Karamusingye Kellen; Patrick Mulyungi;
Page : 1762-1768
Keywords : Scope; project scope; scope management; Project performance;
The purpose of this research was to assess the contribution of scope management on the performance of projects and it was carried out in RSSP project with the following objectives, to identify the contribution of project planning on performance of RSSP project, to examine the influence of project control and monitoring on performance of RSSP project and to assess the effect of time management on performance of RSSP. The researcher reviewed literature related to the contribution of scope management on project performance and established that scope management is vital in ensuring effective project management, both theoretical and empirical literature was reviewed. The conceptual frame work showing the relationship between scope management and project performance, a critical review of existing literature was also done to identify that gap that the research seeks to close in relation to the study topic The research design used was descriptive where by issues concerning scope management and project performance were described while the population was 86 employees of RSSP project and the sample size was the same as the population because of its small size. Data collection tools were questionnaires and interviews where by both primary and secondary data was collected using the appropriate data collection tools, for validity and reliability the researcher carried out pretesting of research instruments on a small section of respondents from the total population so as to verify authenticity of instruments while the collected data was presented using tables and analyzed based on percentages and frequencies. The researcher found out that defining project activities facilitates project performance since it provides sufficient overview of project activities and how best they can be handled, implemented and controlled, sequencing of project activities facilitates project performance since it provides order in the implementation of project activities and how best they can be implemented for example which activity to come first, how long it will take and the process involved in the implementation of such activities, developing schedules in project management facilitates project performance because the time of starting activities and phases within the project is known and well managed. The researcher concluded that project planning contributes to project performance in RSSP project through leading to timely accompleshment of tasks, remaining within the budget, effective use of resources and cost reduction and for the better performance of the project the executive summary has to be made, policies and procedures elaborated, resources mobilised. Budgeting and cost estimates done. Project planning in scope management through cost reduction facilitates reduction in redundancy and extravagancy which may negatively affect performance hence confirming that project planning through cost reduction leads to increase in project performance. Project control and monitoring influences performance of RSSP project through better planning and scheduling of activities, improved risk management, cost estimating and management, scope and change management as well as earned value management. project control contributes to project performance because it facilitates having sufficient information on what is being carried out in the project, how it is being carried out and any possible corrective action in case needed, project control ensures managing scope of the project to ensure that there is no single deviation. Risk management in the project facilitates compliance which in the end leads to improvements in performance, risk management facilitates reduction in losses, reduced delays and effective use of resources. The researcher recommended that RSSP project should continue managing scope well because it is important in avoiding creeping and wastages of resources.
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