Analysis of Masticatory Function in Patients with Maxillofacial DefectsJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.6, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2017-02-05
Authors : Ivan Gerdzhikov;
Page : 257-262
Keywords : mastication; maxillofacial defects; obturator; post-resection prosthesis; T SCAN;
Introduction Maxillofacial defects affect vital organs and systems, resulting in serious impairment of masticatory function. Its restoration is a major goal of prosthetic rehabilitation. Objective The aim of this literature review is to present, based on a retrospective analysis of the studies on masticatory function in maxillofacial prosthodontic patients, current investigations on this topic. Discussion Prosthodontic treatment of patients with maxillofacial defects is a complex multistage process related to the solving of multiple problems. Most of them are associated with the underlying difficulties in restoring normal mastication and nutrition. The extent of occurred functional disorders depends on the size and location of the defect, as well as the presence of preserved teeth. Prosthetic rehabilitation methods occupy a central place in the complex treatment of these patients, which requires examining and analyzing the possibilities for improving masticatory function. Conclusions Prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with maxillofacial defects enables satisfactory restoration of masticatory function, which contributes to the maintenance of a relatively good quality of life during the different stages of treatment.
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