ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login

Laparoscopic Vs Open Pyloromyotomy for Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis: A Retrospective Study

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.6, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 347-351

Keywords : Infantile; Laparoscopic; Complications; Pyloric; Retrospective;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Background The gold standard procedure for treatment of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is Open Pyloromyotomy. The objective of this study was to compare the results of Laparoscopic Pyloromyotomy with the open procedure by means of a retrospective study of cases operated by both surgical techniques. Methods A comparative study of cases operated by laparoscopic extramucosal pyloromyotomies (LP) between 2011-2016 was done with open pyloromyotomies (OP) performed during the same period with regard to gender, age at operation, electrolyte levels, thickness and length of hypertrophied pyloric muscle, operating time, number of days to start feeds, time of return to full feeding, frequency of postoperative emesis, surgical complications (i. e. , incomplete pyloromyotomy, perforation, and need for reoperation) and duration of stay in hospital. Eighty cases (44 open, 36 LP) which fulfilled the inclusion criteria were analyzed in the study. Results The groups were matched for gender more common in male child (78 %), mean age at time of surgery was 6 weeks, and 25 % had severe electrolyte imbalance requiring correction. Mean size of the hypertrophied pylorus assessed by ultrasonography was 4.8mm thickness, Length 21.5mm. Mean operating time for Laparoscopic surgeries compared to open procedure didnt have a significant difference (42min 40min). Average time taken for first feeds after surgery (8.5 hrs 18.5hrs) and time for full feeding (30hrs 64hrs) was significantly shorter in the LP group than the OP group. Post-operative emesis was seen in 80 % of cases operated by Laparoscopic procedure compared to 40 % in open cases. The mean length of hospitalization was significantly shorter in LP group (5days 8days). One death was noted in a case operated by laparoscopic approach and one case operated by Laparoscopy had wound site infection near the Umbilical port. Conclusion When compared with open pyloromyotomy, the laparoscopic approach appears to be equally safe and effective, with shorter time to start feeds, reach full feeds, shorter hospital stay and with superior cosmetic results. The authors believe that laparoscopic pyloromyotomy is a equally good alternative procedure for the management of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.

Last modified: 2021-06-30 17:48:27