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Stem Cell Markers Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule (EpCAM)&Cluster of Differentiation (CD44) Expression in Colon Cancer Patients in Relation to Prognosis and Survival

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.6, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 994-1005

Keywords : Stem cell markers; CD44; EpCam; colon cancer; survival;

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Background - Worldwide, Colon cancer is the third& the second most common cancer in males& female respectively. Its recurrence, therapy resistance and metastasis remain causes of poor prognosis. The relationship between cancer stem cell (CSC) behavior and chemo-resistance to chemotherapy in patients with colon cancer is a recent point of researches that has taken attention. Identification of CSCs needed specific cell surface markers. CD44 had been the most frequently researched marker for colon CSCs. EpCAM is a cell surface molecule involved in cell to cell adhesion that is expressed in many epithelial carcinomas. Aim of the work - was to evaluate CSC markers EPCAM& CD44 expressions in colon carcinoma correlating their expressions with clinicopathological parameters and patients outcome. Patients and Methods The clinic-pathological correlations between CD44& EpCAM expressions were assessed in specimens of colon carcinoma embedded in paraffin blocks and were taken from 50 patients, which we followed up for survival and prognosis. Results- CD 44& EpCam positive expression was significantly correlated with the grade, stage, presence of lymph node, lymphovascular invasion (pless than0.001 for all), distant metastases (pless than0.001& = 0.016 respectively), T stage (p= 0.027& 0.003) respectively. Mean PFS was 27.41.5, median PFS was not reached.3-y PFS was 56 % which was significant with each one of CD44& EpCam (Pless than0.001 for both). While, Mean OS was 30.51.2, median OS was not reached, 3-yOS was 64 % with significant association with each one of the markers (P=0.002 for both). Conclusion- we concluded that both CD44& EpCam positive expressions would be useful poor prognostic markers for colon carcinoma patients.

Last modified: 2021-06-30 17:48:27