Effectiveness of an Instructional Program up on Osteoporotic Patients Concerning Prevention of Fractures in Al-Musaib General HospitalJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.3, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2014-05-15
Authors : Ali Abdul Razaq Nasser; Hussein Hadi Atiyah;
Page : 932-938
Keywords : Effectiveness; Instructional Program; Osteoporotic Patients; Prevention Fractures;
Osteoporosis is a progressive skeletal disease characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture of the hip, spinal vertebrae, and wrist. An osteoporosis-related fracture (i. e. , fragility fracture), particularly those of the hip and spine, is an independent predictor of subsequent fracture and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Objectives The main aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of an instructional program on the knowledge of Osteoporotic Patients Concerning Prevention of Fractures. Methodology A quasi- experimental design was used in the present study with the application of a pre-tests/ post-tests approach for the study group and control group after implementation of instructional program. The period of the study was from 16th of October 2016 to 10th of June 2017. The program and instruments were constructed by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Non-probability (convenience) sample of (40) osteoporotic patients were selected from Al-Musaib General Hospital. The study sample in this research was divided into two groups, (20) osteoporotic patients for the study, which was exposed to the health education program, and (20) osteoporotic patients for control group. The study group was exposed to an instructional program, while the control group was not exposed to the program. The groups were almost matched relative to their characteristics. The study instrument is composed of two main parts Part I. The socio- demographic characteristics of the patients, Part II. Knowledge of osteoporotic patients regarding prevention fractures. This part consists of 124 items. Validity of the study instrument was determined through a panel of experts and reliability of the instrument was determined through (test retest) method. The analysis of the data used was descriptive statistics and statistical inferential, in order to find the differences between the study group and the controlgroup. Results The study findings indicate that there are highly significant differences between pre and post-tests in the experimental group in overall main domains regarding osteporotic patients knowledge concerning prevention fractures. Conclusion The study concludes that the effectiveness of an instructional program regarding osteoporotic patients knowledge, which is concerned with prevention fractures, is positive at a high rate. Recommendation The researcher recommends that special education programs should be carried out for the medical staff, specifically, for the nurses who are working with osteoporotic patients in the orthopedic wards to raise their awareness toward one of the most important complications of the osteoporosis which is fractures so the can educate patients.
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