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Dietary Energy Intakes of Sudanese Pregnant Women

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.2, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 113-118

Keywords : Macronutrient; Pregnancy; Health; development; Sudan;

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Purpose: To determine dietary energy intake of pregnant Sudanese women in their third trimester, with focus on macronutrients fat, , carbohydrates, and protein and their contribution to dietary energy. Methods and Materials: Dietary intake of pregnant women (n=81) in their third trimester (15 to 41years) attending Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Khartoum State was assessed by 3-days 24-hour dietary recall sheet. Diets consumed were converted to nutrients using Nutri-survey software package. Database was modified from other food composition tables. RDA values were based on FAO/WHO/UNU reference values. Results: Energy and carbohydrates intakes were significantly lower than the RDA (Pless than0.000). Adequacy of intake was 40 %, 69.2 %, 32.1 %, 66.7 % for energy, protein, and fat, respectively. Contribution to total energy was 20 % by protein, 55 % by carbohydrate and 25 % by fat. Conclusion: Energy and carbohydrates intake were inadequate by pregnant Sudanese mothers in their third trimester. This might probably affect birth weight. Therefore intake of energy from carbohydrates should be increased.

Last modified: 2021-06-30 20:22:17