Functional Broadside Test Generation for Fault AnalysisJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.4, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2015-02-05
Authors : Greeshma U. R.; Sarath Raj S.;
Page : 1673-1676
Keywords : Functional broadside tests; LFSR; Reachable states; Transition fault; Two pattern test;
When the clock frequency of the integrated circuits increases, timing related defects may occur and it is necessary to find them. The timing defects are modeled by delay faults. Transition faults are used as the delay fault model. The effect of a transition fault at a point in a circuit is that, the transition that occur at that point will not reach the flip flop or a primary output within the desired clock period of the circuit. Existing methods for testing includes Enhanced scan, Skewed load and Broadside tests. They may cause over testing. The Functional broadside test, which is a two pattern test, avoids this over testing by using only reachable states. It is a broadside test that creates in its functional clock cycles, the same state transitions that may occur during functional operation. Earlier procedures generate test sets offline for application from an external tester. Here, the circuit is used to obtain reachable states during test. Pairs of consecutive time units of the primary input sequences can be used to produce two pattern tests. They are called functional, since they use reachable states which are also possible during the functional operation.
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