A Case of Electrocution Induced Optic AtrophyJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.4, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2015-03-05
Authors : Jaineel Gandhi; Roopa Naik;
Page : 315-317
Keywords : electrocution; cornea; visual acuity; optic atrophy; ocular; perimetry;
INTRODUCTION Electrical injuries have emerged as a significant health problem in developing countries because of increase in electrification of rural areas in the last few decades and lack of adequate safety measures. (1) Electrical eye or orbital injuries are not common events. However, they have a broad spectrum, ranging from minimal injury of the lid to complete retinal detachment and total blindness. (2-6) Case report A 7 years old child presented to ophthalmology OPD with complaints of diminution of vision in both eyes since 2years, it was gradual in onset and progressive type. Discussion Electricity can be a serious health and environmental hazard, especially in developing countries where protective measures are almost non-existent.1 These hazards include contact injuries, electric shocks, electrocutions, burns, fires, explosions and falls. We reported an electric eye injury involving a child who survived a high voltage trauma but unfortunately lost vision in both the eyes. There are many factors that determine the severity of the electric damage and its outcome. These include the type of current, the duration of exposure, the type of tissue surface contact, the extent of multisystem involvement, the duration between exposure and presentation. Conclusion It is important to note that electrical eye injuries are largely preventable by taking simple and time-tested protective measures such as the use of rubber insulating gloves and shoes, and industrial protective helmets.
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