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Water Pollution: An Analysis

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 1556-1559

Keywords : Water Pollution; Unregulated Small Scale Industries; Waste ingredients; Vulnerable Sections;

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Water pollution is a problem of serious environmental issue in India as its 70 percent surface and groundwater resources contaminated by various pollutants such as biological, toxic, organic, and inorganic. Among all the largest source of water pollution in India is untreated sewage. Agricultural runoff and unregulated small-scale industry are the other sources of pollution. Most of the rivers, lakes and surface water in our country are polluted due to industries, untreated sewage and solid wastes. The outcome of this mammoth problem is the rising socio-economic cost of poor water quality.Almost 40 million litres of wastewater enters rivers and other water bodiesevery day with a very small fraction of it being adequately treated. The most badly hit class due to water pollution is the weaker sections of the society as these people mostly resides near main water bodies in India. According to the World Bank report such releases of pollution in the up streams reduces the economic growth in the downstream areas, which reduces the growth of GDP in these regionswhich create a downward impact on the overall GDP of the country. Almost half of the GDP is lost. Due to the polluted stretches in India the agricultural revenues decreases to 9% andalso a 16% fall in agricultural yields downstream areas. Some remedial measures should be adopted to protect the poor masses of the country. Water pollution near oceans, rivers, lakes should be controlled. Waste ingredients should not be disposed in oceans, rivers, lakes and ground water. Controlled use of pesticides and fertilisers should be done as this will prevent runoffs of the material into nearby water sources.Clean water bodies will result in the sustained development of the country particularly the vulnerable sections of the society. It is the dire need of the hour to control water pollution to achieve the vision of the' healthy nation'.

Last modified: 2021-07-05 13:46:22