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Formation and variability of test weight in winter bread wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) depending on the growing season conditions, preceding crops and sowing dates

Journal: Scientific reports of NULES of Ukraine (Vol.3, No. 91)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 5-5

Keywords : winter bread wheat; test weight; sowing date; preceding crops; ANOVA;

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The study aimed to identifying peculiarities of formation and variability of grain test weight in winter bread wheat genotypes depending on the growing season conditions, sowing dates and different preceding crops. The studies were conducted at The V.M. Remeslo Myronivka Institute of Wheat of the NAAS of Ukraine during 2016-17–2018-19 growing seasons. There were estimated 17 winter bread wheat genotypes that were sown in three sowing dates after five preceding crops. Test weight was evaluated according to the State Standard 10840–64. Statistical processing was performed with using programs Statistica 8.0, Excel 2013. It was revealed the significant effect of growing season conditions on grain test weight in winter bread wheat varieties in environments of Ukrainian Forest-Steppe. Significant differences in responses of the genotypes under study on sowing date after different preceding crops were revealed. The most effect of sowing dates on test weight was established in the variety MIP Vidznaka, while the most effect of preceding crops was established in the varieties MIP Yuvileina, Podolianka, MIP Lada, and MIP Darunok. In general, maximal test weight was formed after green manure and the minimal one was after soybeans as preceding crop. The general tendency of decrease in grain test weight with shift in sowing dates from September 26 to October 16 after preceding crops green manure, mustard, sunflower, soybeans was revealed. The sowing date October 05 was optimal for the varieties MIP Valensiia, Estafeta myronivska, MIP Lada after green manure, for the varieties Podolianka, Trudivnytsia myronivska, Hratsiia myronivska, MIP Dniprianka, MIP Lada after mustard, for the varieties Podolianka, Trudivnytsia myronivska, Balada myronivska, Hratsiia myronivska, MIP Assol after sunflower, for the varieties Trudivnytsia myronivska, Estafeta myronivska after maize, for the varieties Podolianka, Trudivnytsia myronivska after soybeans. The varieties MIP Vyshyvanka, Trudivnytsia myronivska, Balada myronivska, Estafeta myronivska, MIP Dniprianka, MIP Vidznaka, and MIP Yuvileina were identified which exceeded significantly the standard variety Podolianka in test weight on average by years of the research, sowing dates, and preceding crops.

Last modified: 2021-07-15 19:58:19