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Bulgar Coins of Khan Pulad of Izmery Treasure

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.2, No. 36)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 53-64

Keywords : archaeology; Juchids; Bulgar; numismatics; dirham; treasure; Khan Pulad; 15th century; metrology; coin metal;

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The article considers coins of the Bulgar minting of the Golden Horde Khan Pulad (1407–1410), deposited in the Izmery treasure. The total number of dirhams with the name of this khan reaches 220 copies. When studying the weight characteristics of coins, it was found that the mode corresponds to the value of 0.73 ± 0.02 g. Having studied the elemental composition of the surface layer of coin metal 50 dirhams, the authors established the amount of silver, copper and other elements: silver – 80.8–82.7%; copper – 15.2–16.9%; gold – 0.5%, the remaining components – about 1.7%. A comparison of the weight and elemental composition of the surface layer of the coins of Pulad and the previous ruler – Khan Shadibek, helped establish a slight decrease in the weight of Bulgar coins. The authors conclude that under Pulad in the Bulgar region there were no changes in coinage in the form of reforms.

Last modified: 2021-07-17 19:16:41