ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY OF TRANSPORT AS A COMPONENT OF ECONOMIC STABILITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF KUTAISI)Journal: Economic Profile (Vol.16, No. 21)
Publication Date: 2021-07-16
Authors : Darejan Chkhirodze;
Page : 72-81
Keywords : Sustainable transport; sustainable development; Compatibility; Eurostandard; Pandemic; Regulations.;
The intensive growth of industrial processes and transport in cities is directly related to environmental pollution, which is manifested by an increase in the amount of emissions from vehicles and an increase in the concentration of aerosols in the atmosphere. The dynamics of this process depends on many different factors, in particular, the state of atmospheric stratification, wind direction, speed and more. The main source of air pollution in Kutaisi is road transport - more than 90 percent of total air pollution emissions come from road transport. The emission of large amounts of pollutants from vehicles is due to many factors, including improper organization and management of traffic, low fuel quality, catalytic converter malfunctions, and the age of vehicles. The number of passenger cars in Kutaisi is growing, for example, according to the years. In Kutaisi in 2014 -38929, 2015 -47668, according to global trends, if we do not take into account possible changes in policy, we can assume that car ownership will double in the next ten years. The author has made a comparative analysis between the harmful substances emitted by the municipal transport in the previous years and the substances emitted by the new buses, namely we have selected greenhouse gases CO2 and NO em, increasing greenhouse gas emissions leading to temperature rise and resulting in climate change. Participate in the implementation of the principles of Ecological sustainable transport, energy efficiency, intensive transport planning and demand management, low-carbon fuel and electrification of transport (through new technologies - hybrids, fuel, mobile communications, etc.). Development of electric transport infrastructure and bringing to the forefront alternative transport modes; Expansion of the existing network of pedestrian and bicycle lanes, arrangement of new pedestrian roads and bicycle lanes and development of relevant infrastructure.
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Last modified: 2021-07-27 19:31:50