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Characteristics of Patients with Cervical Cancer in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 7)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1021-1024

Keywords : cervical cancer; characteristics; Bali;

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Backrounds: Cervical cancer remains a common health problem in women in recent years. However, in Indonesia especially Bali, the data of cervical cancer is still limited. As the highest referral hospital in Bali, Sanglah General Hospital is ideal for collecting data on cervical cancer patients annually. This study aims to find out the characteristics of patients with cervical cancer in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar. Methods: This study was a descriptive study. This study was conducted at Sanglah General Hospital to collect data of all cervical cancer patients from January 1st 2018 to December 31st 2019. The datas were collected from registry of gynecology clinic and medical records. The datas taken were cervical cancer stage, age, parity, educational status, occupation, typed of histopathology, smoking history, pap smear history, and history of oral contraceptives use. The datas then were compiled and tabulated and presented in tabular and narrative form. Results: Total of 649 patients were included in this study, 63% of all gynecological cancers cases at the gynecology clinic of Sanglah General Hospital. Mean age of the patients was 48.24 years old with highest prevalence was at the age range of 40-49 years old (35%). Most of the patients was housewives (31%), parity 0 to 2 (61%), senior high school educational background (41%). For the cancer stage, three stages with the most number were stage IIB (31%), IIIB (26%), and IB1 (11%). Most common type of histopathological result was squamous carcinoma (63%). From the patients, 90% had no pap smear history, none had smoking history, and 33% had oral contraceptives. Conclusions: The highest prevalence is observed at the age range of 40-49 years old, housewives, parity 0 to 2, senior high school educational background, and stage IIB. Common type of cancer is squamous carcinoma. Majority of the patients have never had pap smear history and smoking history. More patients have never used oral contraceptive before.

Last modified: 2021-08-15 12:57:31