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Prevalence of Co-Morbidity Diseases in Suspected Corona Virus Disease-19 Patients

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 7)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 1133-1136

Keywords : SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Co-Morbidity diseases;

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Introduction: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a lifethreatening respiratory disease in those patients having underlying medical condition and has worse prognosis irrespective of the age of patient. Subjects and Methods: A prospective study conducted at dedicated COVID-19 hospital, Bengaluru. Detailed history of underlying medical conditions, Clinical examination and nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab collection were done for all the patients visiting Victoria. Hospital with a history of suspicion of COVID-19. The collected swab was tested for SARS-CoV-2as per ICMR approved protocol. (7) Results: Among 13634 patients attending the fever clinic of pulmonary medicine department in Victoria hospital attached to Bangalore Medical College Research Institute 839 patients were excluded as they did not fit the inclusion criteria. Half of (6637) the patients were asymptomatic at the time of presentation. Twenty five percent (3199) of the suspected COVID-19 and fifty percent (765) of confirmed COVID-19 patients had at least one comorbid condition. The most common underlying medical condition of both confirmed and suspected COVID-19 patients was Hypertension (32.06%greater than17.64%) followed by diabetic mellitus (22.4%greater than14.81%), cardio-vascular diseases (10.81%less than11%), chronic pulmonary diseases (2.31%less than4.43%), cerebrovascular diseases (0.77%less than2.93%), chronic renal diseases (0.32%less than1.76%), chronic liver diseases (0.32%less than2.23%), and malignancy (0.12%less than0.87%). Conclusion: Fifty percent of confirmed COVID-19 patients had at least one underlying medical condition. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus had higher prevalence in confirmed COVID-19 patients in that order. 50% of COVID positive patients were asymptomatic at the time of presentation.

Last modified: 2021-08-15 12:57:31