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Level of Contraceptives Use: A Case Study of Assam (India)

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.10, No. 7)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 1395-1403

Keywords : Female Sterilization; Male Sterilization; laparoscopic and Mini Lap Sterilizations; HMIS; NFHS-4 and 5;

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India?s population has already reached 1.26 billion and considering the present growth rate, by 2028, the country?s population will be more than China, according to a recent report from the UN. Though, the report has clearly mentioned that the rate of population growth has slowed down in recent years, due to effective implementation of family planning and family welfare programmes, yet the rate is growing at a much faster rate compared to China. The national fertility rate is still high which is leading to long-term population growth in India. This predicament led us to study the use of contraceptive methods at the district level one of the eastern State of India. Use of contraceptive is an important factor to control fertility and population growth as well. Here an attempt is made to find out such methods, which are popularly use by the couples. The methods like sterilization, IUD, Oral Pill, Condom and others are readily available methods, which have brought a marked benefit to the user. At state level, out of total sterilization/ tubectomy, 94 percent was performed on female for contraception during 2019-20 as per the HMIS results. In Assam, out of total sterilization about 7 percent male sterilization was done during 2019-20. The user ship of temporary methods like IUCD and OP etc. gradually increased in the state, especially IUCD ranked the top in this regard. In Assam, the percent change of the user ship of female sterilization, PP IUCD insertion in public institutions, IUCD and post partum sterilization were emphasized more in comparison to the use ship of other contraceptive methods like; male sterilization, laparoscopic and mini lap sterilizations and condom from the base year 2017-18 to 2019-20. The study emphasized for organizing awareness camp to increase the user ship of male contraception and other terminal methods in Assam.

Last modified: 2021-08-15 12:57:31