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Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1141-1152

Keywords : Image Pre-Processing Classification Facial Expression Recognition Feature Extraction Deep Neural Networks;

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Facial recognition is integral and essential in todays society, and the recognition of emotions based on facial expressions is already becoming more usual. This paper analytically provides an overview of the databases of video data of facial expressions and several approaches to recognizing emotions by facial expressions by including the three main image analysis stages, which are pre-processing, feature extraction, and classification. The paper presents approaches based on deep learning using deep neural networks and traditional means to recognizing human emotions based on visual facial features. The current results of some existing algorithms are presented. When reviewing scientific and technical literature, the focus was mainly on sources containing theoretical and research information of the methods under consideration and comparing traditional techniques and methods based on deep neural networks supported by experimental research. An analysis of scientific and technical literature describing methods and algorithms for analyzing and recognizing facial expressions and world scientific research results has shown that traditional methods of classifying facial expressions are inferior in speed and accuracy to artificial neural networks. This reviews main contributions provide a general understanding of modern approaches to facial expression recognition, which will allow new researchers to understand the main components and trends in facial expression recognition. A comparison of world scientific research results has shown that the combination of traditional approaches and approaches based on deep neural networks show better classification accuracy. However, the best classification methods are artificial neural networks.

Last modified: 2021-08-27 19:36:01