THE EFFECT OF STRUCTURED TEACHING PROGRAM ON KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS AMONG THE STAFF NURSES WORKING IN CRITICAL CARE UNITJournal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2021-20-05
Authors : Priya Sachan; Swastika Das;
Page : 1355-1361
Keywords : Effect Structured Teaching Program Arterial Blood Gas Analysis;
Statement:A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECT OF STRUCTURED TEACHING PROGRAM ON KNOWLEDGE ABOUT ARTERIAL BLOOD GAS ANALYSIS AMONG THE STAFF NURSES WORKING IN CRITICAL CARE UNIT OF SELECTED HOSPITAL, LUCKNOW Introduction: Arterial blood gas analysis is a basic and useful laboratory test for the critically ill patients. It is an essential investigation for assessing ventilation, oxygenation and acid base status among critically ill patients. These three are closely interrelated physiological parameters which maintain pH homeostasis. Measurement of arterial blood gas involves analysis of components: pH, partial pressure (PP), Base excess (BE), Bicarbonate (HCO3), Electrolytes, Haemoglobin (Hb) and Glucose.Interpreting an arterial blood gas (ABG) is a crucial skill for physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, and other health care personnel. Any deviation from a normal value will indicate that the client is experiencing an acid base imbalance. Disorders of acid-base balance can lead to severe complications and occasionally the abnormality may be so severe that it can lead to life threatening condition. Objectives Of The Study: 1. Assess the level of knowledge about Arterial Blood Gas analysis among the staff nurses working in the Critical Care Unit at selected Hospital. 2. Evaluate the effect of Structure Teaching Programme on level of knowledge about Arterial Blood Gas Analysis among the staff nurses working in the Critical Care Unit at selected Hospital. 3. Association between level of knowledge about Arterial Blood Gas analysis among the staff nurses working in the Critical Care Unit with selected demographic variables. Research Methodology:This study was conducted using Quantitative approach at Integral Hospital, Lucknow. Pre-experimental one group pre-test-post-test design was used in the study. The conceptual framework used in this study was Modified Kings Goal Attainment theory. The total sample size was 30 selected by convenience sampling technique. The data was collected by administering Structured Knowledge Questionnaire followed by Structured Teaching Programme about Arterial Blood Gas analysis. After 7 days, post-test was done to assess the effectiveness of STP. Reults:The data obtained are tabulated and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The statistical analysis of the data shows that 86.7% of the staff nurses had moderate knowledge and 13.3% of the staff nurses had inadequate knowledge. The mean pretest knowledge score regarding Arterial Blood Gas analysis was 13.96 with a standard deviation of 3.39. After giving STP the mean score was increased to 23.00 with a standard deviation of 2.36. The Structured Teaching Programme was effective in improving the knowledge as the t value is -12.54 which was highly significant with the degree of freedom 29 p< 0.05. Conclusion: The findings revealed that there was a significant improvement in knowledge of staff nurses in post-test after structured teaching programme. It also showed that there was an association with pre-test knowledge and selected demographic variables like age and association of post-test knowledge and selected demographic variable like qualification.
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